Plasma therapy is a treatment that reduces the pain of arthritis. It uses the body’s blood to treat damaged tissues. Platelet is one of the components of blood, and it is used in plasma therapy to repair tendons, ligaments, damaged cartilage, or even bone by its natural healing properties.
Platelets contain the growth factor. It prevents blood loss by coagulation. When platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injects into an injured area, it helps tissues repair themselves by forming new cells. In this way, PRP can help reverse existing tissue damage. It is also called autologous conditioned plasma therapy (ACP).
Benefits of Plasma Therapy for Joint Pain
- Helps to heal several cases of sports injuries
- Provide symptomatic relief for knee osteoarthritis
- Effectively heals and reduces inflammation.
- Simple and minimally invasive intervention
Plasma therapy is found to be beneficial in some common conditions, such as:
- Joint disease or spinal disc
- Patient with tendonitis
- Common hand trauma or injuries, like texting thumb and carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Shoulder problems, like osteoarthritis and rotator cuff tear
- Elbow condition, like tennis or golfer’s elbow
- Sports, occupational or other injuries that cause torn ligaments.
PRP Injection Preparation and Composition
The most common way to prepare PRP is to centrifuge a patient’s blood sample. A vial of blood is placed in a centrifuge, where it is spun at intensely high speeds. It separates the blood component into three layers;
- Red blood cells at the bottom of the vial, approximately 45% of blood.
- White blood cells form a thin middle layer, called a buffy coat comprising less than 1%.
- Platelet containing plasma makes up the remaining top layer, about 55% of the centrifuged blood.
How Does PRP Work?
- Suppress inflammation and reduce the growth of arthritis.
- Increase the generation of new cartilage
- It produces more natural lubricating fluid in the joints and relieves the joints’ painful frictions to ease joint friction.
- Proteins contained in the PRP alter pain receptors of the patient and reduce pain sensation.
How Long PRP Therapy Take to Work
Most patients feel relief within three to four weeks following injection. The pain tends to improve over the next three to six months. However, it is important to note that all patients heal differently, and some areas may respond faster than others.
How Much Does PRP Cost
Plasma therapy costs range between USD 500 and USD 2,000. The cost varies from location to location, the doctors who are performing the treatment, and of course, the facilities they offer. Some patients may require multiple injections within 2-3 months.
Plasma Therapy for Joint Pain: Aftercare Immediately after the injection
Activity after PRP Injection
Patients can return to their regular activity after 14-16 days of the injection. If any action makes the injected sites uncomfortable, it must be avoided.
PRP Therapy for Joint Pain: Side Effects
- Swelling at the injection site
- Tissue damage
- Nerve injuries