Interventional pain medicine is a unique field in the medical world because it focuses on the patients’ overall condition rather than a particular part of the body. Back pain is the third most common reason that people seek help from doctors. In recent years, interventional spine medicine uses an advanced treatment that helps patients to feel better.
What is Interventional Spinal Care?
Interventional spinal care offers comprehensive evaluation and non-surgical treatment for neck and back pain, reducing the pain and increasing mobility of the spine by a double board-certified, fellowship-trained anesthesiologist.
Benefits of Interventional Spinal Care
- Patient-Focused: Every spine center provides its specialist and configuration. Back pain patients need cooperation and coordination. And the spine centers ensure that. Different specialists work together to ensure the quality of services. Thus it reduces the competitive friction among the different specialists and different clinics.
- High-quality care: As the communication between the specialists is enhanced, the care quality is higher-ups. When different specialists work together, they can give advanced treatment to the patient. This can help the patient to recover fast.
- Convenient Procedures: One clinic provides enough spine health care. Different spine specialties and therapies are available in the same location. So the patient does not need to go to many places for their treatment. It minimizes the hassle for the patient, and they can receive their treatment in a sound environment.
The Procedure of Interventional Spinal Care
Patients can choose from two options for interventional spine care, surgical and non-surgical. Some standard procedures among both options are as follow:
- Injection: It’s done by advanced imaging technologies, like fluoroscopy, CT scan. These ensure injections with a numbering medication and anti-inflammatory corticosteroid is correctly administered. If the pain reduces immediately after giving the injection, it means the injection site is the pain source. It can also be used as a diagnostic tool. If the pain doesn’t relieve, then it’s used for treatment purposes.
- Radiofrequency Neurology: A special needle is used in this process. X-ray guides the needle to a specific location of the spine. Radiofrequency and heat are administered to disable the transmission of the pain signals. They are delivered at the nerve and disable the pain for an extended period.
- Discectomy: Special tools are used for this procedure to give tiny incisions in the exact location. Removing all or part of a bulging or herniated disc can relieve the pressure on the affected nerve. It helps to ease the pain.
- Spinal Cord Stimulation: Chronic spinal and radicular pain are treated with this procedure. In the beginning, gentle electrical currents are applied around the pain source, the spinal cord. Then electrical leads are placed to the spinal column. A small generator is installed in the lower back region (abdomen or buttock). By emitting electrical signals, this generator blocks the brains’ ability to perceive pain.
Functional and Medicated Management of Spine
- Physical therapy
- Cognitive therapy and pain psychology
- Acupuncture, yoga, and hypnotherapy, etc.
Conditions Treated with Interventional Spinal Care
- Pinched spinal nerves/ sciatica
- Herniated discs
- Facet joint arthritis
- Spinal stenosis
- Failed back surgery syndrome
- Whiplash/ cervicogenic headache
- Tailbone pain
- Occipital neuralgia
- Trigeminal neuralgia
- Complex regional pain syndrome
- Compression fractures
Complications of Interventional Spinal Care
- The intra-arterial injection can result in stem infarction
- Neural compression or ischemia
- Direct nerve trauma
- Infection with possible epidural abscess
- A repeated steroid injection may result in epidural lipomatosis
- Intrathecal injection of steroids may result in arachnoiditis.
- Imbalance in blood sugar level.